The 2018 Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) was held in September. The summit, attended by Xi and state leaders from 53 African countries, was the largest of its kind since FOCAC was established in 2000.
The movement has since snowballed, protesting the high living costs allegedly caused by President Emmanuel Macron’s fiscal and economic reforms. The demonstrations turned violent in Paris, causing many casualties. The movement also spread to neighboring countries including Belgium and Netherland.