The movement has since snowballed, protesting the high living costs allegedly caused by President Emmanuel Macron’s fiscal and economic reforms. The demonstrations turned violent in Paris, causing many casualties. The movement also spread to neighboring countries including Belgium and Netherland.
In May, the Trump administration officially announced it would withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal, pressurizing Iran to revise the pact and make more concessions. The U.S. move was denounced by the international community and Iran refused to make further concessions.
Though the international community urged both sides to restore peace, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko submitted a draft law to parliament on December 3. The draft law provides for the termination of the 1997 Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation and Partnership between Ukraine and Russia that would expire in March 2019.